Neil Mathur obtained his BA (1990) and PhD (1996) from the University of Cambridge, where he read Physics at Churchill College. He then joined the Cambridge department of Materials Science as a Postdoctoral Research Associate before being appointed to a Royal Society University Research Fellowship (1999), a University Lectureship (2005), and a University Readership (2008) which he currently holds. He has been a Fellow of Churchill College since 2000. In 2009 he was awarded the Rosenhain Medal & Prize by The Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining (UK) for his work on device materials and his contribution to the understanding of magnetic and electronic materials.
He is Senior Treasurer of both Churchill College Hockey Club, and Cambridge University Hare & Hounds which is the university cross-country running club.