British Diplomatic Oral History Programme

British Diplomatic Oral History Programme (BDOHP) Introduction The British Diplomatic Oral History Programme (BDOHP) creates a valuable new body of research material for the study of British diplomatic history. It was established in 1995 by Malcolm McBain, a retired Diplomatic Service officer, with the approval and co-operation of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO).

A searchable indexed catalogue to transcripts of the BDOHP interviews is available on the Janus webserver (which contains catalogues of archives and manuscripts held in Cambridge), while the transcripts themselves are available below.

This material, which is being preserved and conserved at the Churchill Archives Centre in Cambridge, offers unparalleled insights into how British diplomats function and what really happened at crucial moments in their careers. It affords a unique account of important, and often unrecorded, events in international relations. It is increasingly recognised as a source of raw material by scholars, writers, journalists and researchers.

The BDOHP interviews former diplomats or other officials who have played a significant role in events bearing on international relations. The tendency towards greater openness in government has strengthened in recent years. Interviewees are encouraged by their interviewers to be candid and not to allow their instinctive respect for confidentiality to inhibit a frank description of what it is they have contributed to British diplomacy. They are however assured that what they say will not be published or put into the public domain without their permission or prior FCO clearance.

To strengthen the confidence of interviewees in the BDOHP, the interviewers are also retired diplomats or their wives. These interviewers understand the desirability of obtaining a first hand account covering the ground fairly and illuminating the atmosphere of a broad spectrum of posts around the world during the conduct of international relations. Transcripts of the interviews provide valuable details and insights into the daily workings of diplomacy and of Whitehall which may not otherwise be available to outside observers and commentators. Many such details, taken for granted in contemporary documents, are often omitted from the official records when these are eventually released into the public domain.

For further details, please contact:

Katharine Thomson
Churchill Archives Centre
Churchill College
Cambridge
CB3 0DS
United Kingdom

Telephone: (01223) 336166
Fax: (01223) 336135

Katharine.Thomson@chu.cam.ac.uk

 


Indexed catalogue

 

Please note that you can download the transcripts from this page but you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer. Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded free of charge from www.adobe.com.

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A

ALEXANDER, Sir Michael, GCMG (1936-2002)
Diplomat. Entered Foreign (later Diplomatic) Service, 1962; Moscow, 1963-65; Office of Political Adviser, Singapore, 1965-68; FCO, 1968-72; Assistant Private Secretary to Secretary of State (Sir Alec Douglas-Home and James Callaghan) 1972-74; Counsellor (Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe) and later Head of Chancery, UK Mission, Geneva, 1974-77; Deputy Head, 1977-78, Head, 1978-79, Personnel Operations Department, FCO; Private Secretary (Overseas Affairs) to the Prime Minister (Margaret Thatcher), 1979-81; Ambassador, Vienna, 1982-86; concurrently Head of UK Delegation to the Negotiations on Mutual and Balanced Reduction of Forces and Armaments in Central Europe, 1985-86; Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative on North Atlantic Council, Brussels, 1986-92 (Dean of Council, 1991-92).
Interviewed 1998.
DOHP 34 1 file

ALLINSON, Sir Walter Leonard, KCVO, CMG (b.1926)
Diplomat. Assistant Principal, Ministry of Fuel and Power (Petroleum Division), 1947–48; Assistant Principal, later Principal, Ministry of Education, 1948–58 (Assistant Private Secretary to Minister, 1953–54); transferred to Commonwealth Relations Office, 1958; First Secretary in Lahore and Karachi, 1960–62, Madras and New Delhi, 1963–66; Counsellor and Head of Political Affairs Department, March 1968; Deputy Head, later Head, of Permanent Under Secretary’s Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1968–70; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, subsequently Deputy High Commissioner, Nairobi, 1970–73; Royal College of Defence Studies, 1974; Diplomatic Service Inspectorate, 1975; Deputy High Commissioner and Minister, New Delhi, 1975–77; High Commissioner, Lusaka, 1978–80; Assistant Under-Secretary of State (Africa), 1980–82; High Commissioner in Kenya and Ambassador to UN Environment Programme, 1982–86.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 6 1 file

AMY, Dennis Oldrieve, CMG, OBE (b.1932)
Diplomat. Entered HM Foreign, later HM Diplomatic Service, 1949; FO, 1949-51 and 1953-58; Athens, 1958-61; Second Secretary and Vice Consul, Moscow, 1961-63; FO, 1963-65; DSAO, 1965; Second Secretary and Passport Officer, Canberra, 1966-70; First Secretary, Ibadan, 1971-74; seconded to Department of Trade, 1974-75; FCO, 1976-78; First Secretary (Commercial), Santiago, 1978-83 (Chargé d'Affaires, 1979); FCO, 1983-86 (Counsellor, 1985-86); Consul General, Bordeaux, 1986-89; Ambassador to the Democratic Republic of Madagascar, 1990-92, and Ambassador (non-resident) to Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros, 1991-92.
Interviewed 1998
DOHP 45 1 file

AUDLAND, Sir (John) Christopher, KCMG (b.1926)
RA, 1944-48 (Temporary Captain). Entered Foreign (subsequently Diplomatic) Service, 1948; served in: Berlin and Bonn (British Negotiator, Allied/FRG Bonn Conventions, 1950-52); British Representation to Council of Europe, Strasbourg; Washington; UK Delegation to negotiations for British Membership of European Communities, Brussels, 1961-63; Co-ordinator and Editor-in-Chief, Foreign and Commonwealth Office report on negotiations for UK entry into EC, 1963; Buenos Aires, 1963-67; Head of Science and Technology Department, FCO, 1968-70 (Head, UK Delegation to 1st UN Conference on Seabed and Ocean Floor, 1968); Counsellor (Head of Chancery), Bonn, 1970-73 (Deputy Head, UK Delegation to Four-Power Negotiations on Berlin, 1970-72); seconded to Commission of European Communities, 1973: Deputy Secretary-General, 1973-81; Director-General for Energy, 1981-86.
Interviewed 2012 by Thomas Raineau (Université de Paris-Sorbonne).
DOHP 138 1 file

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B

BACHE, Andrew Philip Foley, CMG (b.1939)
Diplomat. Joined Commonwealth Relations Office, 1963; 3rd Secretary, Nicosia, 1964-66; Treasury Centre for Administrative Studies, 1966; 2nd Secretary, Sofia, 1966-68; FCO, 1968-71; 1st Secretary, Lagos, 1971-74; FCO, 1974-78; 1st Secretary (Commercial), Vienna, 1978-81; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Tokyo, 1981-85; Counsellor, Ankara, 1985-87; Head of Personnel Services Department, FCO, 1988-90; on secondment as Diplomatic Service Chairman to CSSB, 1990-91; Ambassador to Romania, 1992-96; Ambassador to Copenhagen, 1996-99.
Interviewed 2000.
DOHP 41 1 file

BAILEY, Ronald William, CMG (b.1917)
Diplomat. Vice-Consul, Beirut, 1939, Alexandria, 1941; First Secretary, Cairo, 1945, Beirut, 1949, Washington, 1952; Counsellor, Khartoum, 1957; Chargé d'Affaires, Taiz, 1960-62; Consul-General, Gothenburg, 1963; Minister, Baghdad, 1965; Ambassador, La Paz, 1967, Rabat, 1971-5.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 12 1 file

BARDER, Sir Brian Leon, KCMG (b.1934)
Diplomat. West African Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1968; First Secretary, Moscow, 1971; Counsellor, Canberra, 1973; Head of Southern African Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1978; Ambassador, Addis Ababa, 1982; Ambassador, Warsaw, 1986; High Commissioner, Lagos and Ambassador to Benin, 1988; High Commissioner, Canberra, 1991.
Interviewed 1997.
DOHP 22 1 file and 3 cds
DOHP 22 also includes recordings of the BBC Radio 4 programme "The Reunion" (2009), and of the longer discussion from which the programme was taken, where Sir Brian Barder, International Red Cross nurse Claire Bertschinger, the BBC reporter Michael Buerk, Dawit Wolde Giorgis, former head of the Ethiopian Relief and Rehabilitation Commission, and Hugh Goyder, former head of Oxfam's Ethiopia programme were reunited to discuss their memories of the Ethiopian famine relief effort.

BEETHAM, Roger Campbell, CMG (b. 1937)
Diplomat. Beetham entered the Diplomatic Service in 1960, and his career included: Foreign Office, (1960-62); British Delegation to Disarmament Conference, Geneva [Switzerland], (1962-65); Washington [United States], (1965-68); News Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, (1969-72); Head of Chancery, Helsinki [Finland], (1972-76); FCO, (1976); seconded to European Commission, Brussels [Belgium], as Spokesman of the President, Roy Jenkins, (1977-80); Counsellor (Economic and Commercial), New Delhi [India], (1981-85); Head of Maritime, Aviation and Environment Department, FCO, (1985-90); Ambassador to Senegal and (non-resident) to Cape Verde, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau and Mali, (1990-93); British Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe (with personal rank of Ambassador), 1993-1997.
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 63 1 file

BEST, Sir Richard Radford, KCVO CBE (b.1933)
Diplomat. Second Secretary, Lusaka, 1969-72; First Secretary (Economics), Stockholm, 1972-76; First Secretary (Commercial), New Delhi, 1979-82; Deputy High Commissioner, Kaduna, Nigeria, 1984-89; Ambassador, Reykjavik, 1989-92.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 7 1 file

BIRCH, Sir John Allan, KCVO CMG (b.1935)
Diplomat. Served with Middlesex Regiment, 1954-56. Joined Foreign Service, 1959; served: Paris, 1960-63; Singapore, 1963-64; Bucharest, 1965-68; Geneva, 1968-70; Kabul, 1973-76; Royal College of Defence Studies, 1977; Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Negotiations, Geneva, 1977-80; Counsellor, Budapest, 1980-83; Head of East European Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1983-86; Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative to United Nations, New York, 1986-89; Ambassador to Hungary, 1989-95.
Interviewed 2004.
DOHP 87 1 file

BOYD, Sir John (Dixon Iklé), KCMG (b.1936)
Diplomat. Joined HM Foreign Service, 1962; Hong Kong, 1962-64; Peking, 1965-67; Foreign Office, 1967-69; Washington, 1969-73; 1st Secretary, Peking, 1973-75; secondment to HM Treasury, 1976; Counsellor: (Economic), Bonn, 1977-81; (Economic and Social Affairs), UK Mission to UN, 1981-84; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1984; Political Adviser, Hong Kong, 1985-87; Deputy Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1987-89; Chief Clerk, FCO, 1989-92; Ambassador to Japan, 1992-96.
Interviewed 1999.
DOHP 60 1 file

BRAITHWAITE, Sir Rodric Quentin, GCMG (b.1932)
Diplomat. Third Secretary, Jakarta, Indonesia, 1957; Second Secretary, Warsaw, Poland, 1959; First Secretary (Commercial), Moscow, 1963, Rome, 1966; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Brussels, 1975; Head of Planning Staff, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1979; Minister (Commercial) Washington, 1982; Ambassador, Moscow, 1988-92; Foreign Policy Adviser and Chairman of Joint Intelligence Committee, 1992-3.
Interviewed 1998.
DOHP 30 1 file

BROWN, Sir Mervyn, KCMG OBE (b.1923)
Diplomat. Entered HM Foreign Service, 1949; Third Secretary, Buenos Aires, 1950; Second Secretary, UK Mission to UN, New York, 1953; First Secretary, Foreign Office, 1956; Singapore, 1959; Vientiane, 1960; again in Foreign Office, 1963—67; Ambassador, Madagascar 1967-70; High Commissioner, Tanzania, 1975-8; Deputy Permanent Resident, UK Mission to United Nations, 1978; High Commissioner, Nigeria, 1979-83.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 18 1 file

BRENTON, Sir Anthony, KCMG (b.1950)
Joined Diplomatic Service, 1975; Cairo, 1978-81; European Communities Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1981-85; with UK Permanent Representation to EC, 1985-86; Deputy Chef de Cabinet, EC, 1986-89; Counsellor, 1989; Head: UN Department, FCO, 1989-90; Environment, Science and Energy Department, FCO, 1990-92; Fellow, Centre for International Affairs, Harvard University, 1992-93; Counsellor, Moscow, 1994-98; Director for Global Issues, FCO, 1998-2001; Minister, Washington, 2001-04; Ambassador to Russia, 2004-08.
Interviewed 2010.
DOHP 127 1 file

BROWNING, Rex Alan, CB (1930-2009)
HM Inspector of Taxes, 1952; Assistant Principal, Colonial Office, 1957; Private Secretary to Parliamentary Under-Secretary for the Colonies, 1960; Principal, Department of Technical Co-operation, 1961; transferred to Ministry of Overseas Development (ODM), 1964; seconded to Diplomatic Service as First Secretary (Aid), British High Commission, Singapore, 1969; Assistant Secretary, 1971; Counsellor, Overseas Developoment, Washington, and Alternate UK Executive Director, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), 1973–76; Under-Secretary: ODM, 1976–78; Department of Trade, 1978–80; Overseas Development Administration (ODA), 1980–81; Deputy Secretary, ODA, 1981–86.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 9 1 file

BUIST, John Latto Farquharson (Ian), CB (1930-2012)
Diplomat. Assistant Principal, Colonial Office, 1952-54; seconded to Kenya Government, 1954-56; Principal, Colonial Office, 1956-61; Department of Technical Co-operation, 1961-62; British High Commission, Dar-es-Salaam, 1962-64; Consultant on Administration, East African Common Services Organisation/Community, 1964-69; Secretary, Commission on East African Co-operation and related bodies, 1966-69; Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Overseas Development, 1966-76; Under-Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Overseas Development Administration), 1976-90.
Interviewed 2008.
DOHP 118 1 file

BURNS, David Allan (b.1937)
Diplomat. Served HM Forces, 1956-58. Language student and Third Secretary, British Embassy, Belgrade, 1962-65; Second Secretary, Bangkok, 1966-68; First Secretary, Washington, 1969-72; Head of Chancery, Belgrade, 1973-76; Assistant Head of Arms Control Department, FCO, 1976-79; Counsellor, Bangkok, 1979-83; Consul General, Boston, 1983-87; Head of North America Department, FCO, 1988-91; Ambassador to Cambodia, 1991-94; Ambassador to Finland, 1995-97.
Interviewed 1999.
DOHP 104 1 file

BURTON, Sir Michael, KCVO, CMG (b.1937)
Diplomat. 2nd Lieutenant, Rifle Brigade, 1955-57. Foreign Office, 1960; Assistant Political Agent, Dubai, Trucial States, 1962-64; Private Secretary to Minister of State, FO, 1964-67; Second (later First) Secretary (Information), Khartoum, 1967-69; First Secretary (Information), Paris, 1969-72; Assistant, Science and Technology Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1972-75; First Secretary and Head of Chancery, Amman, 1975-77; Counsellor, Kuwait, 1977-79; Head of Maritime, Aviation and Environment Department, FCO, 1979-81; Head of South Asian Department, FCO, 1981-84; on secondment to BP as Head of Policy Review Unit, 1984-85; Berlin: Minister, 1985-92 (Deputy Commandant, British Military Government, 1985-90; Head of Embassy Office, 1990-92); Assistant Under-Secretary of State (Middle East), FCO, 1993; Ambassador to the Czech Republic, 1994-97.
Interviewed 2008.
DOHP 116 1 file

BUTLER, Sir Michael Dacres, GCMG (b.1927)
Diplomat. UK Mission to United Nations, 1952-6; First Secretary, Baghdad, 1956-8; South East Asia Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1958-61; First Secretary, Paris, 1961-5; Counsellor, UK Mission to United Nations, 1968-70, Washington, 1971-2; Head of European Integration, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1972-4, Assistant Under-Secretary in charge of European Community Affairs, 1974-6, Deputy Under-Secretary of State, Economic and European Economic Affairs, 1976-9; UK Representative, EC, Brussels, 1979-85.
Interviewed 1997.
DOHP 25 1 file

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C

CAMPBELL, Sir Alan Hugh, GCMG (1919-2007)
Diplomat. Head of Chancery, Rome, 1952-5, Peking, 1955-7, United Nations, 1961-5; Head of Western Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1965-7; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Paris, 1967-9; Ambassador, Ethiopia, 1969-72, Rome, 1976-9.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 2 1 file

CAMPBELL, Juliet Jeanne d'Auvergne, CMG (b.1935)
Diplomat. Joined Foreign Office 1957; Common Market Delegation, Brussels, 1961-63; FO, 1963-64; Second, later First Secretary, Bangkok, 1964-66; News Department, FO, 1967-70; Head of Chancery, The Hague, 1970-74; European Integration Department, FCO, 1974-77; Counsellor (Information), Paris, 1977-80; Royal College of Defence Studies, 1981; Counsellor, Jakarta, 1982-83; Head of Training Department, FCO, 1984-87; Ambassador to Luxembourg, 1988-91. Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge, since 1992; Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Cambridge University, since 1993.
Interviewed 2003.
DOHP 68 1 file

CAPE, Mr Donald Paul Montagu Stewart, CMG, CBE (b.1923)
Diplomat. Entered Foreign Service, 1946. Served: Belgrade, 1946-49; FO, 1949-51; Lisbon, 1951-55; Singapore, 1955-57; FO, 1957-60; Bogota, 1960-61; Holy See, 1962-67; Head of Information Administration Department, FCO, 1968-70; Counsellor, Washington, 1970-73; Counsellor, Brasilia, 1973-75; Ambassador to Laos, 1976-78; Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 1978-83.
Interviewed 2001.
DOHP 42 1 file

CARLESS, Hugh Michael, CMG (b.1925)
Diplomat. Entered Foreign (subsequently Diplomatic) Service, 1950; 3rd Secretary, Kabul, 1951; 2nd Secretary, Rio de Janeiro, 1953; Tehran, 1956; 1st Secretary, 1957; Foreign Office, 1958; Private Secretary to Minister of State, 1961; Budapest, 1963; Civil Service Fellow, Department of Politics, Glasgow University, 1966; Counsellor and Consul-General, Luanda, 1967-70; Counsellor, Bonn, 1970-73; Head of Latin American Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1973-77; Minister and Chargé d'Affaires, Buenos Aires, 1977-80; on secondment to Northern Engineering Industries International Ltd, 1980-82; Ambassador to Venezuela, 1982-85.
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 55 1 file

CARRICK, Sir Roger John, KCMG LVO (b.1937)
Diplomat. Served in Royal Navy, 1956-58. Joined Foreign (subsequently Diplomatic) Service, 1956; School of Slavonic and East European Studies, 1961; Sofia, 1962; Foreign Office, 1965; Paris, 1967; Singapore, 1971; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1973; Counsellor and Deputy Head, Personnel Operations Department, FCO, 1976; Visiting Fellow, Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley, 1977-78; Counsellor, Washington, 1978; Head, Overseas Estate Department, FCO, 1982; Consul-General, Chicago, 1985-88; Assistant Under-Secretary of State (Economic), FCO, 1988-90; Ambassador, Republic of Indonesia, 1990-94; High Commissioner to Australia, 1994-97.
Interviewed 2004.
DOHP 86 1 file

CARTER, Andrew, CMG (b.1943)
Diplomat. Assistant Master, Marlborough College, 1965-70. Joined Diplomatic Service, 1971; Warsaw, 1972; the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, Geneva, 1975; Bonn, 1975; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1978; Brussels, 1986; Deputy Governor, Gibraltar, 1990-95; Minister, Moscow, 1995-97; UK Permanent Representative to Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 1997-2003.
Interviewed 2006.
DOHP 112 1 file

CARTLEDGE, Sir Bryan, KCMG (b 1931)
Diplomat. Queen's Royal Regiment, 1950-51. Commonwealth Fund Fellow, Stanford University, 1956-57; Research Fellow, St Antony's College, Oxford, 1958-59 (Hon. Fellow, 1987). Entered Diplomatic Service, 1960; served in Foreign Office, 1960-61; Stockholm, 1961-63; Moscow, 1963-66; Diplomatic Service Administration Office, 1966-68; Tehran, 1968-70; Harvard University, 1971-72; Counsellor, Moscow, 1972-75; Head of East European and Soviet Department, FCO, 1975-77; Private Secretary (Overseas Affairs) to Prime Minister, 1977-79; Ambassador to Hungary, 1980-83; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1983-84; Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet, 1984-85; Ambassador to the Soviet Union, 1985-88.
Interviewed 2007.
DOHP 115 1 file
Please note that the full version of this interview is closed, and will be reviewed by the FCO in 2019. An edited version is open to readers.

CLARK, Sir Terence Joseph, KBE CMG (b.1934)
Diplomat. While on his National Service with the RAF (1953-55), Clark was attached to the School of Slavonic Studies, Cambridge, and joined the Foreign Service in 1955. His postings included: Middle Eastern Centre for Arab Studies, (1956-57); Bahrain, (1957-58); Amman [Jordan], (1958-60); Casablanca [Morocco], (1961-62); Foreign Office, (1962-65); Assistant Political Agent, Dubai, (1965-68); Belgrade [Yugoslavia], (1969-71); Head of Chancery, Muscat [Masqat, Oman], (1972-73); Assistant Head of Middle East Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, (1974-76); Counsellor (Press and Information), Bonn [Germany], (1976-79); Chargé d'Affaires, Tripoli [Libya], (February-March 1981); Counsellor, Belgrade, (1979-82); Deputy Leader of the UK Delegation to the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, Madrid [Spain], (1982-83); Head of Information Department, FCO, (1983-85); Ambassador to Iraq, (1985-89); Ambassador to Oman, (1990-94).
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 64 1 file

CLOAKE, John Cecil, CMG (b.1924)
Served in Army, 1943-46 (Lieutenant Royal Engineers). Foreign Office, 1948; 3rd Secretary, Baghdad, 1949, and Saigon, 1951; 2nd Secretary, 1952; FO, 1954; Private Secretary to Permanent Under-Secretary, 1956, and to Parliamentary Under-Secretary, 1957; 1st Secretary, 1957; Consul (Commercial), New York, 1958; 1st Secretary, Moscow, 1962; FO, 1963; Diplomatic Service Administration Office, 1965; Counsellor, 1966; Head of Accommodation Department, 1967; Counsellor (Commercial), Tehran, 1968-72; Fellow, Centre for International Studies, LSE, 1972-73; Head of Trade Relations and Exports Department, FCO, 1973-76; Ambassador to Bulgaria, 1976-80.
Interviewed 2013.
DOHP 140 1 file

COCKING, Brigadier Nicholas (b.1936)
Soldier. Joined the Army in 1954 and saw service in the Persian Gulf, Aden, Malaysia, Germany, and Northern Ireland, ending his career with seven years as Commander of the British Mission attached to the Saudi National Guard.
Interviewed 2004.
DOHP 97 1 file

COLES, Sir (Arthur) John, GCMG (b.1937)
Diplomat. Served HM Forces, 1955-57. Joined Diplomatic Service, 1960; Middle Eastern Centre for Arabic Studies, Lebanon, 1960-62; Third Secretary, Khartoum, 1962-64; FO (later FCO), 1964-68; Assistant Political Agent, Trucial States (Dubai), 1968-71; FCO, 1971-75; Head of Chancery, Cairo, 1975-77; Counsellor (Developing Countries), UK Permanent Mission to EEC, 1977-80; Head of South Asian Department, FCO, 1980-81; Private Secretary to Prime Minister, 1981-84; Ambassador to Jordan, 1984-88; High Commissioner to Australia, 1988-91; Deputy Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1991-94; Permanent Under-Secretary of State and Head of the Diplomatic Service, 1994-97.
Interviewed 2000.
DOHP 46 1 file

COWPER-COLES, Sir Sherard Louis, KCMG, LVO (b.1955)
Joined HM Diplomatic Service, 1977: Third, later Second, Secretary, Cairo, 1980-83; First Secretary, Planning Staff, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1983-85; Private Secretary to Permanent Under-Secretary of State, 1985-87; First Secretary, Washington, 1987-91; Assistant Head, Security Policy Department, FCO, 1991-93; Resident Associate, IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies), 1993-94; Head, Hong Kong Department, FCO, 1994-97; Counsellor (Political) Paris, 1997-99; Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, 1999-2001; Ambassador to: Israel, 2001-03; Saudi Arabia, 2003-07; Afghanistan, 2007-09; Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 2009-10.
Interviewed 2011.
DOHP 129 1 file

CRADOCK, Sir Percy, GCMG, PC (1923-2010)
Diplomat. First Secretary, Kuala Lumpur, 1957, Hong Kong, 1961, Peking, 1962; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Peking 1966; Ambassador to East Germany, 1976; Leader of UK delegation to Comprehensive Test Ban Talks; Ambassador to China, 1978-83; Foreign Policy Adviser to the Prime Minister, 1984-92.
Interviewed 1997.
DOHP 26 1 file

CRAIG, Sir James, GCMG (b.1924)
Served in Army, 1943–44. Lecturer in Arabic, Durham University, 1948–55; seconded to Foreign Office, 1955 as Principal Instructor at Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, Lebanon; joined Foreign Service substantively, 1956; served: FO, 1958–61; HM Political Agent, Trucial States, 1961–64; 1st Secretary, Beirut, 1964–67; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Jedda, 1967–70; Supernumerary Fellow, St Antony’s College, Oxford, 1970–71; Head of Near East and North Africa Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1971–75; Deputy High Commissioner, Kuala Lumpur, 1975–76; Ambassador to Syria, 1976–79; Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, 1979–84.
Interviewed 2013.
DOHP 141 1 file

CRAWFORD, Charles Graham, CMG (b.1954)
Diplomat. Entry to Diplomatic Service, 1979; FCO (South East Asia Department), 1979-80; 2nd, then 1st Secretary, Belgrade, 1981-84; FCO speechwriter, 1985-87; 1st Secretary, Pretoria and Cape Town, 1987-91; FCO (Soviet, then Eastern Department), 1991-93; Political Counsellor, Moscow, 1993-96; Ambassador to Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1996-98; Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard, 1998-99; Deputy Political Director, FCO, 1999-2000; Director (South East Europe), FCO, 2000; Ambassador to Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, subsequently Serbia and Montenegro, 2001-03; Ambassador to Poland, 2003-07.
Interviewed 2008.
DOHP 117 1 file
See also Crawford's website (as referred to in his interview), www.charlescrawford.biz.

CROSS, "Jasper" James Richard, CMG (b.1921)
Diplomat. Transcript of taped memoir of his experiences as Senior Trade Commissioner and head of the British Government Office in Montreal, Canada, 1968-70, his kidnapping in 1970 by a terrorist group, the FLQ, and also on the work of the Trade Commission Service in general.
Taped memoir.
DOHP 19 1 file
See also a copy of a debriefing interview between James Cross and J M Davey, aide to Pierre Trudeau, following Cross's release by the Front de Libération du Québec.
Correspondence: Debriefing of James Cross, December 1970
© Government of Canada. Reproduced with the permission of the Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada (2009).
Source: Library and Archives Canada/Pierre Elliott Trudeau fonds/Volume 25, file 25.

CROWE, Sir Brian, KCMG (b.1938)
Diplomat. Joined Foreign Office, 1961; served: Moscow, 1962-64; London, 1965-67; Aden, 1967; Washington, 1968-73; Bonn, 1973-76; Counsellor and Head of Policy Planning Staff, FCO, 1976-78; Head of Chancery, UK Permanent Representative to EEC, Brussels, 1979-81; Counsellor and Head of EEC Department (External), FCO, 1982-84; Minister, Commercial, Washington, 1985-89; Ambassador to Austria, 1989-92; Economic Director (Deputy Under-Secretary of State), FCO, 1992-94; Director General for External Relations, Council of the European Union, 1994-2002.
Interviewed 2003.
DOHP 81 1 file

CULLIMORE, Charles Augustine Kaye, CMG (b.1933)
Diplomat. Northern Ireland Short Service Commission, 1955-57; HMOCS, Tanganyika, 1958-61; ICI Ltd, 1961-71; joined HM Diplomatic Service, 1971; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1971-73; First Secretary, Bonn, 1973-77; FCO, 1977-79; Counsellor, New Delhi, 1979-82; Deputy High Commissioner, Canberra, 1982-86; FCO, Head of Central African Department, 1986-89; High Commissioner, Uganda, 1989-93.
Interviewed 2009.
DOHP 119 1 file

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D

DAIN, Sir David John Michael, KCVO, CMG (b.1940)
Diplomat. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1963; Third, later Second Secretary, Tehran and Kabul, 1964-68; seconded to Cabinet Office, 1969-72; First Secretary, Bonn, 1972-75; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1975-78; Head of Chancery, Athens, 1978-81; Counsellor and Deputy High Commissioner, Nicosia, 1981-85; Head of Western European Department, FCO, 1985-89; on attachment to Civil Service Selection Board, 1989-90; High Commissioner, Cyprus, 1990-94; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, then Director, South Asian and South-East Asian Departments, FCO, 1994-97; High Commissioner to Pakistan, 1997-2000.
Interviewed 2003.
DOHP 88 1 file

DAY, Sir Derek Malcolm, KCMG (b.1927)
Diplomat. Counsellor, Cyprus, 1972; Ambassador to Ethiopia, 1975-8; High Commissioner, Canada, 1984-7.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 29 1 file

DEAN, Cecil Roy (b.1927)
Diplomat, writer and broadcaster. After serving in the RAF (1945-48) in India and Pakistan, Dean joined the Central Office of Information, where he worked for ten years. In 1958 he joined the Diplomatic Service, and his subsequent diplomatic career included: Second, later First Secretary, Colombo [Sri Lanka], (1958-62); Vancouver [Canada], (1962-64); Lagos [Nigeria], (1964-68); Foreign and Commonwealth Office, (1968-71); Consul, Houston [United States], (1971), Acting Consul-General, (1972-73); FCO, (1973-76); Director, Arms Control and Disarmament Research Unit, (1976-83); Deputy High Commissioner, Accra [Ghana], (1983-86), Acting High Commissioner, (1986). Dean was also a member of the United Nations Secretary-General's expert group on disarmament institutions, (1980-81) and editor of Arms Control and Disarmament, (1979-83), as well as being a national crossword champion.
Series of articles by Dean, 2002-2003
DOHP 66 1 file

DENMAN, Sir Roy, KCB CMG (1924-2006)
Joined Board of Trade, 1948; Assistant Private Secretary to successive Presidents, 1950-52; 1st Secretary, British Embassy, Bonn, 1957-60; UK Delegation, Geneva, 1960-61; Counsellor, Geneva, 1965-67; Under-Secretary, 1967-70, Board of Trade; Deputy Secretary: Department of Trade and Industry, 1970-74; Department of Trade, 1974-75; Second Permanent Secretary, Cabinet Office, 1975-77; Director-General for External Affairs, EEC Commission, 1977-82; Head, Commission of European Communities Delegation in Washington, 1982-89; Business Fellow, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard, 1989-90. Member negotiating delegation with European Communities, 1970-72. Member, British Overseas Trade Board, 1972-75.
Interviewed 1999.
DOHP 61 1 file

DOBLE, Denis Henry (b.1936)
Diplomat. Royal Air Force (1955-57); Colonial Office (1960-64), Assistant Private Secretary to Duncan Sandys, Commonwealth and Colonial Secretary, (1963-64); Diplomatic Service (1965); First Secretary in Brussels [Belgium] (1966-68) and Lagos [Nigeria] (1968-72); South Asian and Defence Departments, FCO (1972-75); First Secretary (Economic), Islamabad [Pakistan] (1975-78); Head of Chancery, Lima [Peru] (1978-82); East African Department, FCO (1982-84); Acting Deputy High Commissioner, Bombay [India] (1985); Deputy High Commissioner for Calcutta (1985-87), then Kingston [Jamaica] (1987-91); Consul-General, Amsterdam [Netherlands] (1991-96).
Interviewed 2004.
DOHP 84 1 file

DONALDSON, Brian (b c 1945)
Diplomat. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1965; Algiers, Management Officer, 1968; La Paz, Archivist, 1971; FCO, Communications Operations Department, 1974; Lagos [Nigeria], Entry Clearance Officer (Visas), 1975; Luxembourg, Vice-Consul, 1979; FCO, Trade Relations and Exports Department (COCOM desk), 1982; FCO, Assistant Private Secretary to Minister of State (Malcolm Rifkind), 1983; Mauritius, 2nd (later 1st) Secretary, Aid/Commercial, 1985; Yaoundé [Cameroon], Deputy Head of Mission, 1989; Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1st Secretary, Immigration/Consular, 1992; FCO, Personnel Operations Department, 1996; FCO, Deputy Head of Information Department, 1997; Namibia, High Commissioner, 1999; Madagascar, Ambassador, 2002; retired, 2005.
Interviewed 2007.
DOHP 106 1 file

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E

EASTWOOD, Basil, CMG (b 1944)
Diplomat. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1966; Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, 1967; Jedda, 1968; Colombo, 1969; Cairo, 1972; Cabinet Office, 1976; FCO, 1978; Bonn, 1980; Khartoum, 1984; Athens, 1987; Director of Research and Analysis, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1991-96; Ambassador to Syria, 1996-2000; Project Director, Middle East Institute, SOAS, 2000-01; Ambassador to Switzerland, 2001-04; Cecily's Fund (Charity for Zambian orphans).
Interviewed 2005.
DOHP 107 1 file

EDMONDS, John Christopher, CMG, CVO (b 1921)
Diplomat. Entered Royal Navy, 1939. Staff: of NATO Defence College, Paris, 1953-55; of C-in-C Home Fleet, 1956-57 (Commander, 1957); of Chief of Defence Staff, 1958-59. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1959; Foreign Office, 1959-60; 1st Secretary (Commercial), Tokyo, 1960-62; Foreign Office, 1963-67; 1st Secretary and Head of Chancery, Ankara, 1967-68; Counsellor: Ankara, 1968-71; Paris, 1972-74; Head of Arms Control and Disarmament Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1974-77; Leader, UK Delegation to Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Negotiations, Geneva, with personal rank of Ambassador, 1978-81. Chairman, Joint SDP-Liberal Alliance Commission on Defence and Disarmament, 1984-86.
Interviewed 2009.
DOHP 121 1 file

EDWARDS, John, CMG (b 1934)
Diplomat. Military Service, 1953-55; Ministry of Supply, 1958; Colonial Office, 1960; Private Secretary to Hugh Fraser, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for the Colonies, 1961; Principal: Nature Conservancy, 1962; Ministry of Overseas Development, 1965; First Secretary (Development), and UK Permanent Representative to ECAFE, Bangkok, Thailand, 1968; Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Overseas Development, 1971; Head of East Africa Development Division, Nairobi, Kenya, 1972; Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Overseas Development, 1976; Head of British Development Division in the Caribbean, Barbados, and UK Director, Caribbean Development Bank, 1978; Head, West Indian and Atlantic Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1981-84; Deputy High Commissioner, Kenya, 1984-88; High Commissioner, Lesotho, 1988-91; High Commissioner, Botswana, 1991-94; Head of UK Delegation, EC Monitoring Mission in former Yugoslavia, 1995-99.
Interviewed 2007.
DOHP 113 1 file

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F

 


FAIRWEATHER, Sir Patrick Stanislaus, KCMG (b 1936)
National Service in Royal Marines and Parachute Regiment, 1955-57. Entered Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1965; 2nd Secretary, Rome, 1966-69; FCO, 1969-70; 1st Secretary (Economic), Paris, 1970-73; FCO, 1973-75; 1st Secretary and Head of Chancery, Vientiane, 1975-76; 1st Secretary, UK Representation to EEC, Brussels, 1976-78; Counsellor (Economic and Commercial), Athens, 1978-83; Head of European Community Department (Internal), FCO, 1983-85; Ambassador to Angola, 1985-87; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1987-90; Deputy Under-Secretary of State (Middle East/Africa), FCO, 1990-92; Ambassador to Italy and (non-resident) to Albania, 1992-96.
Interviewed 2011.
DOHP 133 1 file

FEARN, Sir (Patrick) Robin, KCMG (1934-2006)
Diplomat. National Service, Intelligence Corps, 1952-54. Overseas marketing, Dunlop Rubber Co. Ltd, 1957-61; entered Foreign Service, 1961; FO, 1961-62; Third, later Second Secretary, Caracas, 1962-64; Havana, 1965; First Secretary, Budapest, 1966-68; FCO, 1969-72; Head of Chancery, Vientiane, 1972-75; Assistant Head of Science and Technology Department, FCO, 1975-76; Counsellor, Head of Chancery and Consul General, Islamabad, 1977-79; Head of South America Department, FCO, 1979-82; Head of Falkland Islands Department, FCO, 1982; Royal College of Defence Studies, 1983; Ambassador to Cuba, 1984-86; Assistant Under-Secretary of State (Americas), FCO, 1986-89; Ambassador to Spain, 1989-94.
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 75 1 file
Please note that the full version of this interview is closed, and will be reviewed by the FCO in 2014. An edited version is open to readers.

FENN, Sir Nicholas, GCMG (b 1936)
Diplomat. Third Secretary, British Embassy, Rangoon, 1959-63; Assistant Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, 1963-67; First Secretary, British Interests Section, Swiss Embassy, Algiers, 1967-69; First Secretary (Public Relations), UK Mission to United Nations, New York, 1969-72; Deputy Head, Energy Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1972-75; Counsellor, Peking, 1975-77; Head of News Department and FCO Spokesman, 1979-82; Spokesman to last Governor of Rhodesia, 1979-80; Ambassador to Rangoon, 1982-86; Ambassador to Dublin, 1986-91; High Commissioner in New Delhi, 1991-1996.
Interviewed 2010.
DOHP 126 1 file

FERGUSSON, Sir Ewen, GCMG GCVO (b.1932)
Joined Foreign (later Diplomatic) Service, 1956; Assistant Private Secretary to Minister of Defence, 1957-59; British Embassy, Addis Ababa, 1960; FO, 1963; British Trade Development Office, New York, 1967; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Office of UK Permanent Representative to European Communities, 1972-75; Private Secretary to Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary, 1975-78; Assistant Under Secretary of State, FCO, 1978-82; Ambassador to South Africa, 1982-84; Deputy Under-Secretary of State (Middle East and Africa), FCO, 1984-87; Ambassador to France, 1987-92.
Interviewed 1998.
DOHP 35 1 file

FIELDING, Sir Leslie, KCMG (b.1932)
Served with Royal Regiment of Artillery, 1951-53; Territorial Army, 1953-56. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1956; served in: Tehran, 1957-60; Foreign Office, 1960-64; Singapore, 1964; Phnom Penh (Chargé d'Affaires), 1964-66; Paris, 1967-70; Deputy Head of Planning Staff, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1970-73; seconded for service with European Commission in Brussels, 1973; Director (External Relations Directorate General), 1973-77; permanent transfer to European Commission, 1979; Head of Delegation of Commission in Tokyo, 1978-82; Director-General for External Relations, Brussels, 1982-87.
Interviewed 2012 by Thomas Raineau (Université de Paris-Sorbonne).
DOHP 139 1 file

FRETWELL, Sir Major John Emsley, GCMG (b.1930)
Diplomat. Diplomatic Service, 1953; 3rd Secretary, Hong Kong, 1954-55; 2nd Secretary, Peking, 1955-57; Foreign Office, 1957-59; 1st Secretary, Moscow, 1959-62; FO, 1962-67; 1st Secretary (Commercial), Washington, 1967-70; Commercial Counsellor, Warsaw, 1971-73; Head of European Integration Department (Internal), Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1973-76; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1976-79; Minister, Washington, 1980-81; Ambassador to France, 1982-87. Political Director and Deputy to the Permanent Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1987-90; Specialist Adviser, House of Lords, 1992-93.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 4 1 file

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G

GILLMORE, David Howe Gillmore, Baron, GCMG (1934-1998)
Diplomat. HM Diplomatic Service, 1970; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1970-72; First Secretary, Moscow, 1972-75; Counsellor, UK Delegation, Vienna, 1975-78; Head of Defence Department, FCO, 1979-81; Assistant Under Secretary of State, FCO, 1981-83; High Commissioner in Malaysia, 1983-86; Deputy Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1986-90; Visiting Fellow: Harvard University, 1990-91; WEU Institute, Paris, 1990-91; Permanent Under-Secretary of State, FCO, and Head of Diplomatic Service, 1991-94.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 8 1 file

GORE-BOOTH, Hon Sir David Alwyn, KCMG KCVO (1943-2004)
Diplomat. Entered Foreign Office, 1964; Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, 1964; Third Secretary, Baghdad, 1966; Third, later Second Secretary, Lusaka, 1967; FCO, 1969; Second Secretary, Tripoli, 1969; FCO, 1971; First Secretary, UK Permanent Representation to European Communities, Brussels, 1974; Assistant Head of Financial Relations Department, FCO, 1978; Counsellor, Jedda, 1980; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, UK Mission to UN, New York, 1983; Head of Policy Planning Staff, FCO, 1987; Assistant Under Secretary of State (ME), FCO, 1989. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, 1993; High Commissioner, New Delhi, 1996-98.
Interviewed 1999.
DOHP 49 1 file

GRAY, Sir John Walton David, KBE CMG (1936-2003)
Diplomat. National Service, 1954-56. Joined Foreign Service, 1962; served: Mecas, 1962; Bahrain Agency, 1964; FO, 1967; Geneva, 1970; Sofia, 1974; Counsellor (Commercial), 1978, Counsellor and Head of Chancery, 1980, Jedda; Head of Maritime, Aviation and Environment Department, FCO, 1982-85; Ambassador to Lebanon, 1985-88; Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative to OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), Paris, 1988-92; Ambassador to Belgium, 1992-96. Chairman, OECD Information Policy Working Group, 1980-82; Rapporteur, Study Team on Performance of OECD's Centre for Co-operation with European Economies in Transition, 1994.
Interviewed 2001.
DOHP 76 1 file
Please note that the full version of this interview is closed, and will be reviewed by the FCO in 2014. An edited version is open to readers.

GREENHILL OF HARROW, Denis Arthur Greenhill, Baron, GCMG, OBE (1913-2000)
Diplomat. First Secretary, Bulgaria, 1947-9, Washington, 1949-51; Counsellor, UK Delegation to NATO, 1955-6, Singapore, 1956-9, Washington 1959-64; Permanent Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1969-73.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 3 1 file

GREENSTOCK, Sir Jeremy Quentin, GCMG (b.1943)
Diplomat. Entered Diplomatic Service (Nigeria desk), 1969; Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, 1970; Dubai, 1972; Private Secretary to the Ambassador, Washington, 1974; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Planning Staff, 1978; Personnel Operations Department, 1979; North East and North African Department, 1981; Counsellor (Commercial), Jedda, then Riyadh, 1983; Head of Chancery, Paris, 1987; FCO, Assistant Under-Secretary of State (Western and Southern Europe, including Bosnia), 1990; Minister, Washington, 1994; FCO, Deputy Under Secretary of State, 1995; Political Director, 1996; British Permanent Representative to the UN, 1998; Special Representative, Baghdad (retirement postponed) 2003-4.
Interviewed 2004.
DOHP 99 1 file

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H

HALL, Sir Peter Edward, KBE CMG (b.1938)
Diplomat. Foreign Office, 1961-63; 3rd Secretary, Warsaw, 1963-66; 2nd Secretary, New Delhi, 1966-69; Foreign and Commonwealth Office (European Integration Department), 1969-72; 1st Secretary, UK Permanent Representation to EEC, 1972-76; Assistant Head, Financial Relations Department, FCO, 1976-77; Counsellor, Caracas, 1977-78; Head of British Information Services, New York, 1978-83 and Counsellor, British Embassy, Washington, 1981-83; Director of Research, FCO, 1983-86; Under Secretary, Cabinet Office, 1986-88; Visiting Scholar, Stanford University, 1988-89; Ambassador to Yugoslavia, 1989-92; Adviser to Lord Carrington, 1992, Lord Owen, 1992-93, Peace Conference on Yugoslavia; Ambassador to Argentina, 1993-97.
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 89 1 file

HANNAY, Lord Hannay of Chiswick, GCMG CH (b.1935)
Diplomat. Foreign Office, 1959-60; Tehran, 1960-61; 3rd Secretary, Kabul, 1961-63; 2nd Secretary, FO, 1963-65; 2nd, later 1st Secretary, UK Delegation to European Communities, Brussels, 1965-70; 1st Secretary, UK Negotiating Team with European Communities, 1970-72; Chef de Cabinet to Sir Christopher Soames, Vice President of EEC, 1973-77; Head of Energy, Science and Space Department, FCO, 1977-79; Head of Middle East Department, FCO, 1979; Assistant Under-Secretary of State (European Community), FCO, 1979-84; Minister, Washington, 1984-85; Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative to European Communities, Brussels, 1985-90.
Interviewed 1999.
DOHP 38 1 file

HAWLEY, Sir Donald, KCMG MBE (1921-2008)
Diplomat. Served in HM Forces, 1941. Sudan Political Service, 1944; joined Sudan Judiciary, 1947. Called to Bar, Inner Temple, 1951. Chief Registrar, Sudan Judiciary, and Registrar-General of Marriages, 1951; resigned from Sudan Service, 1955; joined Foreign Service, 1955; Foreign Office, 1956: Political Agent, Trucial States, in Dubai, 1958; Head of Chancery, British Embassy, Cairo, 1962; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, British High Commission, Lagos, 1965; Visiting Fellow, Department of Geography, Durham University, 1967; Counsellor (Commercial), Baghdad, 1968; Consul-General, Muscat, 1971; Ambassador to Oman, 1971-75; Assistant Under Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1975-77; British High Commissioner in Malaysia, 1977-81.
Interviewed 2007.
DOHP 109 1 file

HENDERSON, Sir Nicholas, GCMG KCVO (1919-2009)
Diplomat. Ministry of War Transport 1940; Office of the Minister Resident at Cairo 1942; Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1944; Second Secretary Washington 1947; Athens 1949; Foreign Office 1950; First Secretary (Information) Vienna 1953; First Secretary and Consul Santiago 1956; Foreign Office 1959: Counsellor 1962; Head of Northern Department 1963; Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1963; Minister Madrid 1965; Ambassador to Warsaw 1969; Ambassador to Bonn 1972; Ambassador to Paris 1975; Ambassador to Washington 1979-82.
Interviewed 1998.
DOHP 32 1 file

HIBBERT, Sir Reginald Alfred, GCMG (1922-2002)
Diplomat. Served with SOE and 4th Hussars in Albania and Italy, 1943-45. Entered Foreign Service, 1946; served in Bucharest, Vienna, Guatemala, Ankara, Brussels; Chargé d'Affaires, Ulan Bator, 1964-66; Research Fellow, Leeds University, 1966-67; Political Adviser's Office, Singapore, 1967-69; Political Adviser to C-in-C Far East, 1970-71; Minister, Bonn, 1972-75; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1975-76; Deputy Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1976-79; Ambassador to France, 1979-82.
Interviewed 1997.
DOHP 24 1 file

HICKMAN, John Kyrle, CMG (1927-2001)
Diplomat. First Secretary, Wellington, New Zealand, 1959-62, Spain, 1966-7; Consul-General, Bilbao, 1967-9; Deputy High Commissioner, Singapore, 1969-71; Counsellor (later Chargé) Ireland, 1974-7; Ambassador to Ecuador, 1977-80, Chile, 1982-7.
Interviewed 1995.
DOHP 1 1 file

HIGGINS, Desmond (b 1930)
Diplomat. Ministry of Supply, Liverpool, 1947; National Service, 1947-49; joined Commonwealth Relations Office, 1956; 3rd Secretary (Information), New Delhi, 1957-59; Commonwealth Relations Office, 1960; British High Commission, Lagos, 1960-61; 2nd Secretary, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, 1962-65; Commonwealth Relations Office, 1965; British High Commission, Bathurst, The Gambia, 1966-68; Commonwealth Relations Office (Cultural Relations Department); British High Commission, Ottawa, 1972-76.
Interviewed 2010.
DOHP 124 1 file

HUEBENER, Mrs Rosamund (née Benson)
Diplomat. Entered Foreign Office, 1949; Western Department, FO, 1949-52; UKDEL, NATO, 1952-4; Bonn, 1954-c1957 (specialising on military issues); China Political Desk, FO, c1957-59; Consul and 1st Secretary (Commercial) Prague, c1959-61.
Interviewed 2000.
DOHP 43 1 file

HUGH-JONES, Sir Wynn, LVO (b 1923)
Diplomat. Served in RAF, 1943-46. Entered Foreign Service (now Diplomatic Service), 1947; Foreign Office, 1947-49; Jedda, 1949-52; Paris, 1952-56; FO, 1956-59; Chargé d'Affaires, Conakry, 1959-60; Head of Chancery, Rome, 1960-64; FO, 1964-66, Counsellor, 1964; Consul, Elizabethville (later Lubumbashi), 1966-68; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Ottawa, 1968-70; FCO, 1971, attached Lord President's Office; Cabinet Office, 1972-73; Director-General, English-Speaking Union, 1973-77; Secretary-General, Liberal Party, 1977-83; Joint Honorary Treasurer, Liberal Party, 1984-87.
Interviewed 2005.
DOHP 103 1 file

HURD, The Rt Hon The Lord Hurd of Westwell CH CBE (b.1930)
Diplomat. HM Diplomatic Service, 1952-66; served in: Peking, 1954-56; UK Mission to United Nations, 1956-60; Private Secretary to Permanent Under-Secretary of State, Foreign Office, 1960-63; Rome, 1963-66. Joined Conservative Research Department, 1966; Head of Foreign Affairs Section, 1968; Private Secretary to Leader of the Opposition, 1968-70; Political Secretary to Prime Minister, 1970-74; Opposition Spokesman on European Affairs, 1976-79; Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1979-83; Minister of State, Home Office, 1983-84; Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, 1984-85, for Home Department, 1985-89; Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, 1989-95.
Interviewed 2005.
DOHP 90 1 file

HUTSON, John Whiteford OBE (b.1927)
Diplomat. Consul (Commercial), San Francisco, 1963-7; Head of Chancery, Bulgaria, 1967-9; Counsellor (Commercial), Baghdad, 1971-2, Moscow, 1976-9; Consul-General, Frankfurt, 1979-83, Casablanca, 1984-7.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 5 1 file

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I-J

IMRAY, Sir Colin (Henry), KBE CMG (b.1933)
Diplomat. CRO, 1957; Canberra, 1958-61; CRO, 1961-63; Nairobi, 1963-66; FCO, 1966-70; British Trade Commissioner, Montreal, 1970-73; Counsellor, Head of Chancery and Consul-General, Islamabad, 1973-77; RCDS, 1977; Commercial Counsellor, Tel Aviv, 1977-80; Rayner Project Officer, 1980; Deputy High Commissioner, Bombay, 1980-84; Assistant Under-Secretary of State (Deputy Chief Clerk and Chief Inspector), FCO, 1984-85; High Commissioner: Tanzania, 1986-89; Bangladesh, 1989-93.
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 54 1 file

JAY, Lord Jay of Ewelme, GCMG (b 1946)
Diplomat. Ministry of Overseas Development, 1969-73; UK Delegation, International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington, 1973-75; Ministry of Overseas Development, 1976-78; First Secretary (Aid), New Delhi, 1978-81; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1981-85 (Planning staff, 1981-82, Private Secretary to Permanent Under-Secretary, 1982-85); Counsellor: Cabinet Office, 1985-87; Counsellor: (Financial and Commercial), Paris, 1987-90; Assistant Under-Secretary of State for EC Affairs, FCO, 1990-93; Deputy Under-Secretary of State (Director for EC and Economic Affairs), FCO, 1994-96; Ambassador to France, 1996-2001; Permanent Under-Secretary of State, FCO and Head of the Diplomatic Service, 2002-06; Prime Minister's Personal Representative for G8 Summits, 2005-06.
Interviewed 2007.
DOHP 123 1 file
See also Lord Jay's evidence before the Chilcot Inquiry on the Iraq War, June 2010.

JAY, The Hon Peter (b 1937)
Writer, broadcaster and diplomat. Assistant Principal and Principal, Treasury, 1964-67; Economics Editor, the Times, 1967-77; Ambassador to United States, 1977-79; Director, Economist Intelligence Unit, 1979-83; President, TV-am, 1983-; Presenter, A Week in Politics, Channel 4, 1983-86; and Economics Editor, BBC, 1990-2001.
Interviewed 2006.
DOHP 102 1 file

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K

KEEBLE, Sir (Herbert Ben) Curtis, GCMG (1922-2008)
Diplomat. Served HM Forces, 1942-47. Entered HM Foreign (subsequently Diplomatic) Service, 1947; served in Jakarta, 1947-49; Foreign Office, 1949-51; Berlin, 1951-54; Washington, 1954-58; Foreign Office, 1958-63; Counsellor and Head of European Economic Organisations Department, 1963-65; Counsellor (Commercial), Berne, 1965-68; Minister, Canberra, 1968-71; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1971-73; HM Ambassador, German Democratic Republic, 1974-76; Deputy Under Secretary of State (Chief Clerk), FCO, 1976-78; Ambassador at Moscow, 1978-82; Special Adviser, House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee, 1985-86.
Interviewed 2001.
DOHP 51 1 file

KERR, Lord Kerr of Kinlochard, GCMG (b 1942)
Diplomat. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1966; served Foreign Office, Moscow, Rawalpindi, Foreign and Commonwealth Office; Private Secretary to Permanent Under Secretary, FCO, 1974-79; Head of DM1 Division, HM Treasury, 1979-81; Principal Private Secretary to Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1981-84; Head of Chancery, Washington, 1984-87; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1987-90; Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative to the EU, Brussels, 1990-95; Ambassador to the USA, 1995-97; Permanent Under Secretary of State, FCO, and Head of the Diplomatic Service, 1997-2002; Secretary-General, European Convention, 2002-03.
Interviewed 2004.
DOHP 98 1 file

KILLICK, Sir John Edward, GCMG (1919-2004)
Diplomat. Served with HM Forces, 1939-46: Suffolk Regiment, W Africa Force and Airborne Forces. Foreign Office, 1946-48; Control Commission and High Commission for Germany (Berlin, Frankfurt and Bonn), 1948-51; Private Secretary to Parliamentary Under-Secretary, Foreign Office, 1951-54; British Embassy, Addis Ababa, 1954-57; Canadian National Defence College, 1957-58; Western Department, Foreign Office, 1958-62; Imperial Defence College, 1962; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, British Embassy, Washington, 1963-68; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1968-71; Ambassador to USSR, 1971-73; Deputy Under-Secretary of State, FCO and Permanent Representative on Council of WEU, 1973-75; Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative to NATO, 1975-79.
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 69 1 file

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L

LAMB, Sir Albert Thomas (Sir Archie), KBE CMG DFC (b.1921)
Diplomat. Served RAF 1941-46. Foreign Office 1938-41; Embassy, Rome [Italy], 1947-50; Consulate-General, Genoa, 1950; Embassy, Bucharest [Romania], 1950-53; Foreign Office 1953-55; Middle East Centre for Arabic Studies, 1955-57; Political Residency, Bahrain, 1957-61; Foreign Office 1961-65; Embassy, Kuwait, 1965; Political Agent in Abu Dhabi, 1965-68; Inspector, 1968-70, Senior Inspector, 1970-73, Assistant Under-Secretary of State and Chief Inspector, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1973-74; Ambassador to Kuwait, 1974-77; Ambassador to Norway, 1978-80.
Interviewed 2000.
DOHP 59 1 file

LEAHY, Sir John Henry Gladstone, KCMG (b.1928)
Diplomat. RAF, 1950-52; FO, 1952-54 (Assistant Private Secretary to Minister of State, 1953-54); 3rd, later 2nd Secretary, Singapore, 1955-57; FO, 1957-58; 2nd, later 1st Secretary, Paris, 1958-62; FO, 1962-65; Head of Chancery, Tehran, 1965-68; Counsellor, FCO, 1969; Head of Personnel Services Department, 1969-70; Head of News Department, FCO, 1971-73; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Paris, 1973-75; seconded as Under Secretary, NI Office, 1975-76; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1977-79; Ambassador to South Africa, 1979-82; Deputy Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1982-84; High Commissioner, Australia, 1984-88.
Interviewed 2001.
DOHP 52 1 file

LEVER, Sir Paul, KCMG (b.1944)
3rd Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1966-67; 3rd, later 2nd Secretary, Helsinki, 1967-71; 2nd, later 1st Secretary, UK Delegation to NATO, 1971-73; FCO, 1973-81; Assistant Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary (David Owen), 1978-81; Chef de Cabinet to Christopher Tugendhat, Vice-President of EEC, 1981-85; Head of UN Department, FCO, 1985-86; Head of Defence Department, 1986-87; Head of Security Policy Department, FCO, 1987-90; Ambassador and Head, UK Delegation to Conventional Arms Control Negotiations, Vienna, 1990-92; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1992-94; Deputy Secretary, Cabinet Office, and Chairman, Joint Intelligence Committee, 1994-96; Deputy Under-Secretary of State (Director for EU and Economic Affairs), FCO, 1996-97; Ambassador to Germany, 1997-2003.
Interviewed 2011.
DOHP 135 1 file

LOGAN, Sir Donald Arthur, KCMG (b. 1917)
Diplomat. Joined the Foreign (subsequently Diplomatic) Service, in December 1945, and his diplomatic career included: Foreign Office, 1945-1947; HM Embassy, Tehran [Iran], 1947-1951; Foreign Office, 1951-1953; Assistant Political Agent, Kuwait, 1953-1955; Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs [John Selwyn-Lloyd], 1956-1958; HM Embassy, Washington, 1958-1960; HM Ambassador to Guinea, 1960-1962; Foreign Office, 1962-1964; Information Counsellor, British Embassy, Paris [France] 1964-1970; Ambassador to Bulgaria, 1970-1973; Deputy Permanent UK Representative to NATO, 1973-1975; Ambassador and Permanent Leader, UK Delegation to UN Conference on Law of the Sea, 1976-1977; Leader, UK delegation to Conference on Marine Living Resources of Antarctica, Buenos Aires [Argentina] and Canberra [Australia], 1978-1980.
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 62 1 file
Please note that this transcript is an excerpt from Logan's memoirs. See also account of the Suez Crisis by Logan in MISC 30: more details are available on the Janus webserver.

LONGWORTH, Peter, CMG (b. 1942)
Journalist, 1963-74: Labour and Industrial Correspondent, Bristol Evening Post, 1964-66; Lobby Correspondent, Western Daily Press, 1966-68; Diplomatic Correspondent, Westminster Press, 1968-74. Joined Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1974; First Secretary, FCO, 1974-77; First Secretary (Economic), Bonn, 1977-81; Head of Chancery and HM Consul, Sofia, 1981-84; FCO, 1984-87; Counsellor (Economic and Commercial), Copenhagen, 1987-91; Deputy Head of Mission, Counsellor (Economic and Commercial) and Consul General, Seoul, 1991-94; Consul General, Johannesburg, and Director of UK Trade Promotion and Investment, South Africa, 1994-98; High Commissioner, Zimbabwe, 1998-2001.
Interviewed 2006.
DOHP 125 1 file

LUCAS, Ivor Thomas Mark, CMG (b.1927)
Diplomat. Served in Royal Artillery, 1945-48 (Captain). Entered Diplomatic Service, 1951; Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, Lebanon, 1952; 3rd, later 2nd Secretary, Bahrain, Sharjah and Dubai, 1952-56; Foreign Office, 1956-59; 1st Secretary, Karachi, 1959-62; 1st Secretary and Head of Chancery, Tripoli, 1962-66; Foreign Office, 1966-68; Counsellor, Aden, 1968-69 (Chargé d'Affaires, August 1968-February 1969); Deputy High Commissioner, Kaduna, Nigeria, 1969-71; Counsellor, Copenhagen, 1972-75; Head of Middle East Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1975-79; Ambassador to Oman, 1979-81, to Syria, 1982-84.
Interviewed 2005.
DOHP 93 1 file

LYNE, Sir Roderic Michael John, KBE CMG (b 1948)
Diplomat. Foreign and Commonwealth Office 1970; Army School of Languages, 1971; Moscow, 1972-74; Dakar, 1974-76; Eastern European and Soviet Department, FCO, 1976-79; Rhodesia Department, FCO, 1979; Assistant Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary, 1979-82; UK Mission to UN, New York, 1982-86; Visiting Resident Fellow, Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1986-87; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Moscow, 1987-90; Head of Soviet Department, 1990-92, Head of Eastern Department, 1992-93, FCO; on secondment as Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, 1993-96; on secondment as Director for Policy Development, CIS ME and Africa, British Gas, 1996; UK Permanent Representative to Office of UN and other international organisations, Geneva, 1997-2000; Ambassador to Russia, 2000-2004.
Interviewed 2006.
DOHP 105 1 file

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MAITLAND, Sir Donald James Dundas, GCMG OBE (1922-2010)
Diplomat. Director, Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, Lebanon, 1956-60; Counsellor, Egypt, 1963-5; Head of News Department, 1965; Ambassador to Libya, 1969-70; Press Secretary, Prime Minister's Private Office, 1970-3; UK Permanent Representative, United Nations, 1973-4; Ambassador to EEC, 1975-9; Permanent Under-Secretary, Department of Energy, 1980-2.
Interviewed 1997.
DOHP 27 1 file

MALLABY, Sir Christopher Leslie George, GCMG GCVO (b.1936)
Diplomat. First Secretary, Berlin, 1966-9; Deputy Director, British Trade Development Office, New York, 1971-4; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Soviet Union, 1975-7; Head, Arms Control and Disarmament Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1977-9; Head, East European and Soviet Department, 1979-80; Minister, Bonn, 1982-5; Deputy Secretary, Cabinet Office, 1985-8; Ambassador to West Germany, 1988-92, and to France, 1993-6.
Interviewed 1997.
DOHP 28 1 file

MARGETSON, Sir John William Denys, KCMG (b.1927)
Lieutenant, Life Guards, 1947-49. Colonial Service, District Officer, Tanganyika, 1951-60 (Private Secretary to Governor, Sir Edward Twining, 1956-57); entered Foreign Service, 1960; The Hague, 1962-64; speech writer to Foreign Secretary, George Brown, 1966-68; Head of Chancery, Saigon, 1968-70; Counsellor 1971, seconded to Cabinet Secretariat, 1971-74; Head of Chancery, UK Delegation to NATO, 1974-78; Ambassador to Vietnam, 1978-80; seconded to Ministry of Defence as Senior Civilian Instructor, Royal College of Defence Studies, 1981-82; Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative to United Nations, New York, and President, UN Trusteeship Council, 1983-84; Ambassador to the Netherlands, 1984-87; Special Representative of the Foreign Secretary, 1994-98.
Interviewed 2007.
DOHP 131 1 file

McBAIN, (David) Malcolm, LVO (b.1928)
Diplomat. Ministry of Civil Aviation appointments in Tripoli, Libya, 1949-51, New Delhi, 1953-54; Diplomatic Service: New Delhi, 1958-61; Kenya, 1963-67; Thailand, 1968-75; Brunei, 1978-81; Texas, 1981-84; Ambassador to Madagascar, 1984-87.
Interviewed 2000.
DOHP 50 1 file

McLAREN, Sir Robin John Taylor, KCMG (1934-2010)
Diplomat. First Secretary, Rome, 1964-8; Assistant Political Adviser, Hong Kong, 1968-9; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Denmark, 1975-8; Head of Hong Kong and General Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1978-9; Head of Far Eastern Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1979-81; Political Adviser, Hong Kong, 1981-5; Ambassador to the Philippines, 1985-7; Assistant Under-Secretary, FCO, 1987-90; Ambassador to China, 1991-4.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 15 1 file

McLOUGHLIN, Leslie J (b.1935)
Instructor and interpreter in Arabic. After studying history at Manchester University, McLoughlin spent two years in National Service as an instructor officer in the Army Educational Corps (1955-57). At the direction of the Army he returned to university, at Durham, to learn Arabic (1960-61), and joined the Middle East Centre for Arab Studies (MECAS) in 1961. After a spell teaching Arabic to British forces in Aden [Yemen] between 1962 and 1964, McLoughlin became Principal Instructor at MECAS from 1965 to 1968. For a short time, McLoughlin taught Arabic outside MECAS, first at Edinburgh University [Scotland] between 1969 and 1970, and also as a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania [United States] in the summer of 1969, then at Columbia University in 1970. He then returned to MECAS once again, remaining there between 1970 and 1975. McLoughlin's other duties have included acting as a Foreign Office and Ministry of Defence interpreter from 1983 onwards, and he is also a Fellow of the Institute of Arabic and Islamic Studies.
Interviewed 2003
DOHP 65 1 file

MELLON, Sir James, KCMG (b.1929)
Diplomat. Department of Agriculture for Scotland, 1953-60; Agricultural Attaché, Copenhagen and The Hague, 1960-63; Foreign Office, 1963-64; Head of Chancery, Dakar, 1964-66; UK Delegation to European Communities, 1967-72; Counsellor, 1970; Head of Science and Technology Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1973-75; Commercial Counsellor, East Berlin, 1975-76; Head of Trade Relations and Export Department, FCO, 1976-78; High Commissioner in Ghana and Ambassador to Togo, 1978-83; Ambassador to Denmark, 1983-86; Director-General for Trade and Investment, United States, and Consul-General, New York, 1986-88.
Interviewed 2003.
DOHP 73 1 file

MEYER, Sir Christopher John Rome, KCMG (b.1944)
Diplomat. 3rd Secretary, Foreign Office, 1966-67; Army School of Education, 1967-68; 3rd, later 2nd, Secretary, Moscow, 1968-70; 2nd Secretary, Madrid, 1970-73; 1st Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1973-78; 1st Secretary, UK Permanent Representative to European Communities, 1978-82; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Moscow, 1982-84; Head of News Department, FCO, 1984-88; Fellow, Center for International Affairs, Harvard, 1988-89; Minister (Commercial), 1989-92, Minister and Deputy Head of Mission, 1992-93, Washington; on secondment to the Cabinet Office, Press Secretary to the Prime Minister, 1994- 96; Ambassador to Germany, 1997; Ambassador to United States, 1997-2003; Chairman, Press Complaints Commission, 2003-.
Interviewed 2004.
DOHP 91 1 file

MILES, (Frank) Stephen, CMG (b.1920)
Diplomat. Fleet Air Arm, 1942-46 (Lt (A) RNVR); Scottish Home Department, 1948; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1948-80. Miles served in: New Zealand, 1949-52; East and West Pakistan, 1954-57; Ghana, 1959-62; Uganda, 1962-63; British Deputy High Commissioner, Tanzania, 1963-65 (Acting High Commissioner, 1963-64); Acting High Commissioner in Ghana, March-April 1966; Consul-General, St Louis [United States], 1967-70; Deputy High Commissioner, Calcutta [India], 1970-74; High Commissioner, Zambia, 1974-78; High Commissioner, Bangladesh, 1978-79.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 58 1 file

MILES, (Richard) Oliver, CMG (b.1936)
Diplomat. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1960; served in Abu Dhabi, Amman, Aden, Mukalla, Nicosia, Jedda; Counsellor, Athens, 1977-80; Head of Near East and North Africa Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1980-83; Ambassador to: Libya, 1984; Luxembourg, 1985-88; Under-Secretary on loan to Home Civil Service, Belfast, 1988-90; Assistant Under-Secretary of State (Economic), FCO, 1990-91; Director General of Joint Directorate, Overseas Trade Services, FCO/Department of Trade and Industry, 1991-93; Ambassador to Greece, 1993-96.
Interviewed 2004.
DOHP 92 1 file
Please note that the full version of this interview is closed, and will be reviewed by the FCO in 2016. An edited version is open to readers.

MOBERLY, Sir John Campbell, KBE, CMG (1925-2004)
Diplomat. War Service in Royal Navy, 1943-47 (despatches). Entered Foreign (now Diplomatic) Service, 1950; Political Officer, Kuwait, 1954-56; Political Agent, Doha, 1959-62; First Secretary, Athens, 1962-66; Counsellor, Washington, 1969-73; Director, Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, 1973-75; Ambassador, Jordan, 1975-79; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1979-82; Ambassador, Iraq, 1982-85; Consultant, then Associate Fellow, Middle East Programme, Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1986-2003.
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 96 1 file

MORLAND, Martin Robert, CMG (b.1933)
Diplomat. National Service with the Grenadier Guards, 1954-56; British Embassy, Rangoon [Burma, later Myanmar], 1957-60; News Department, Foreign Office, 1961; UK Delegation to Common Market negotiations, Brussels [Belgium], 1962-63; Foreign Office, 1963-65; UK Disarmament Delegation, Geneva [Switzerland], 1965-67; Private Secretary to Lord Chalfont [Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office], 1967-68; European Integration Department, FCO, 1968-73; Counsellor, 1973-77, Rome [Italy], seconded temporarily to Cabinet Office to head EEC Referendum Information Unit, 1975; Head of Maritime Aviation and Environment Department, FCO, 1977-79; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, Washington [United States], 1979-82; seconded to Hardcastle and Company Limited, 1982-84; Under-Secretary, Cabinet Office, 1984-86; Ambassador to Burma, 1986-90; Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative to Office of United Nations and other international organisations, Geneva, 1990-93.
Interviewed 2006.
DOHP 100 1 file

MUNRO, Sir Alan Gordon, KCMG (b.1935)
Diplomat. Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, 1958-60; British Embassy, Beirut, 1960-62; Kuwait, 1961; FO, 1963-65; Head of Chancery, Benghazi, 1965-66 and Tripoli, 1966-68; FO, 1968-73; Consul (Commercial), 1973-74, Consul-General, 1974-77, Rio de Janeiro; Head of East African Department, FCO, 1977-78; Head of Middle East Department, FCO, 1979; Head of Personnel Operations Department, FCO, 1979-81; Regional Marketing Director (Middle East), Ministry of Defence, 1981-83; Ambassador to Algeria, 1984-87; Deputy Under-Secretary of State, Middle East/Africa, FCO, 1987-89; Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, 1989-93.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 13 1 file

MUNRO, Colin Andrew, CMG (b.1946)
Diplomat. Assistant Principal, Board of Inland Revenue, 1968-69; Diplomatic Service, 1969; Foreign and Commonwealth Office (SW Pacific Department), 1969-71; Third, later Second, Secretary, Bonn, 1971-73; FCO (Commonwealth Co-ordination Department), 1973; Second, later First, Secretary, Kuala Lumpur, 1973-77; FCO (Defence Department), 1977-79; FCO, Private Secretary to Minister of State (Peter Blaker), 1979-80; Head of Chancery, Bucharest, 1981-82; FCO (Western European Department), 1983-84, Assistant Head of Department, 1985-87; Deputy Head of Mission, East Berlin, 1987-90; Consul General, Frankfurt, 1990-93; FCO (Head of OSCE and Council of Europe Department), 1993-97; Ambassador to Republic of Croatia, 1997-2000; Deputy High Representative, Mostar, 2001; Royal College of Defence Studies, 2002; UK Permanent Representative to OSCE, Vienna, 2003-07.
Interviewed 2009.
DOHP 122 1 file
Also includes the text of an article by Munro: Britain, Berlin, German Unification and the fall of the Soviet Empire, for the Bulletin of the German Historical Institute, London, vol XXXI, No.2, November 2009.

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O'KEEFFE, (Peter) Laurence, CMG, CVO (b.1931)
Diplomat. HM Customs and Excise, 1953-62; 2nd, later 1st Secretary (Economic), Bangkok, 1962-5; FO, 1965-8; 1st Secretary and Head of Chancery, Athens, 1968-72; Commercial Counsellor, Jakarta, 1972-5; Head of Hong Kong and Indian Ocean Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1975-6; Director-General, British Information Services, and Deputy Consul General (Information), New York, 1976-8; Counsellor, Nicosia, 1978-81; Ambassador to Senegal, 1982-5, and concurrently (non-resident) to Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania and Cape Verde, 1982-5; Ambassador to Czechoslovakia, 1988-91.
Interviewed 1998.
DOHP 31 1 file
See also O'Keeffe's lecture And the Walls Came Tumbling Down on Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution, given at St Antony's College, Oxford, in November 1996.

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P-Q

PALLISER, Sir Michael, GCMG, PC (1922-2012)
Diplomat. Entered HM Diplomatic Service, 1947; South East Asia Department, Foreign Office, 1947-49; Athens, 1949-51; Second Secretary, 1950; Foreign Office: German Finance Department, 1951-52; Central Department, 1952-54; Private Secretary to Permanent Under-Secretary, 1954-56; First Secretary, 1955; Paris, 1956-60; Head of Chancery, Dakar, 1960-62 (Chargé d'Affaires in 1960, 1961 and 1962); Counsellor, and seconded to Imperial Defence College, 1963; Head of Planning Staff, Foreign Office, 1964; a Private Secretary to Prime Minister, 1966; Minister, Paris, 1969; Ambassador and Head of UK Delegation to European Communities, Brussels, 1971; Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative to European Communities, 1973-75; Permanent Under-Secretary of State, FCO and Head of Diplomatic Service, 1975-82.
Interviewed 1999.
DOHP 37 1 file

PARSONS, Sir Anthony Derrick, GCMG, LVO, MC (1922-1996)
Diplomat. First Secretary, Turkey, 1955-9, Jordan, 1959-60, Egypt, 1960, Sudan, 1964-5; Political Agent, Bahrain, 1965-9; Counsellor and Head of Chancery, UK Mission to UN, 1969-71; Ambassador to Iran, 1974-9; UK Permanent Representative to UN, 1979-82; Foreign Policy Adviser to Prime Minister, 1982-3.
DOHP 10 1 file

PARSONS, Sir Richard, KCMG (b 1928)
Diplomat. Foreign Office, 1951-53; 3rd Secretary, Washington, 1953-56; 2nd Secretary, Vientiane, 1956-58; FO, 1958-60; 1st Secretary, Buenos Aires, 1960-63; FO, 1963-65; 1st Secretary, Ankara, 1965-67; FO, 1967-69; Counsellor, Lagos, 1969-72; Head of Personnel Operations Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1972-76; Ambassador to Hungary, 1976-79; Ambassador to Spain, 1980-84; Ambassador to Sweden, 1984-87.
Interviewed 2005.
DOHP 101 1 file

PELLEW, Mark Edward, CVO (b.1942)
Diplomat. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1965; Foreign Office, 1965-67; Third Secretary, Singapore, 1967-69; Second Secretary, Saigon, 1969-70; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1970-76; First Secretary, Rome, 1976-80; Assistant Head of Personnel Operations Department, FCO, 1981-83; Counsellor: Washington, 1983-89; on secondment to Hambros Bank, 1989-91; Head of North America Department, FCO, 1991-96; Ambassador to the Holy See, 1998-2002.
Interviewed 2005.
DOHP 85 1 file

PENFOLD, Peter Alfred, CMG OBE (b.1944)
Diplomat. Joined Foreign Service (American Division and United Nations Division), 1963; Bonn, 1965-68; Registry Officer, Kaduna, 1968-70; Latin American Floater, 1970-72; Passport Officer, Canberra, 1972; Desk Officer, Pacific and Dependent Territories, FCO, 1972-75; Second Secretary: Addis Ababa, 1975-78; Port of Spain, 1978-81; First Secretary, FCO, 1981-84; Deputy High Commissioner and Head of Chancery, Kampala, 1984-87; First Secretary and Deputy Head of West Indian and Atlantic Department, FCO, 1987-91; Governor, British Virgin Islands, 1991-95; Special Drugs Adviser to the Caribbean, FCO, 1995-96; High Commissioner, Freetown, 1996-2000; Senior consultant and conflict adviser, DFID [Department for International Development], 2001-2.
Interviewed 2003.
DOHP 80 1 file

PHILLIPS, Sir Hayden, GCB (b.1943)
Home Office: Assistant Principal, 1967; Economic Adviser, 1970-72; Principal, 1972-74; Assistant Secretary, and Principal Private Secretary to Home Secretary (Roy Jenkins), 1974-76; Deputy Chef de Cabinet to President of the European Commission (Roy Jenkins), 1977-79; Assistant Secretary, Home Office, 1979-81, Assistant Under-Secretary of State, 1981-86; Deputy Secretary, Cabinet Office (MPO, subsequently Office of the Minister for the Civil Service), 1986-88; Deputy Secretary, Treasury, 1988-92; Permanent Secretary: Department for National Heritage, later Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 1992-98; Lord Chancellor's Department, 1998-2003; Department for Constitutional Affairs, 2003-04; Clerk of the Crown in Chancery, 1998-2004.
Interviewed 2011.
DOHP 132 1 file

PHILLIPS, Sir Horace, KCMG (1917-2004)
Diplomat. Vice Consul, Shiraz and Bushire, Iran, 1947-9; Oriental Secretary, Afghanistan, 1949-50; Head of Chancery, Saudi Arabia, 1953-6; Protectorate Secretary, Aden, 1956-60; Counsellor, Iran, 1960-4; Deputy Political Resident, Persian Gulf, 1964; Ambassador to Indonesia, 1966-73; Ambassador to Turkey, 1973-7.
Interviewed 1997.
DOHP 20 1 file

POWELL, Lord Powell of Bayswater, KCMG (b.1941)
Diplomat. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1963; Third Secretary, FO, 1963-65 (Desk officer, Muscat and Oman); Second Secretary, Helsinki, 1965-67; FCO, 1968-71; First Secretary and Private Secretary to HM Ambassador, Washington (Lord Cromer), 1971-74; First Secretary, Bonn, 1974-77; FCO, 1977-80 (Counsellor, 1979; Special Counsellor for Rhodesia negotiations, 1979-80); Counsellor, UK Permanent Representation to European Communities, 1980-84; Private Secretary to Prime Minister, 1983-91.
Interviewed 2000.
DOHP 53 1 file

PRENDERGAST, Sir (Walter) Kieran, KCVO, CMG (b.1942)
Diplomat. Turkish language student Istanbul, 1964; Ankara, 1965; Foreign Office (later Foreign and Commonwealth Office), 1967; 2nd Secretary Nicosia, 1969; 1st Secretary FCO, 1972; The Hague, 1973; Assistant Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary (Anthony Crosland, Dr David Owen), 1976; UK Mission to UN, New York, 1979 (detached for duty Jan-Mar 1980 at Government House, Salisbury); Counsellor, Tel Aviv, 1982; Head of Southern African Department, FCO, 1986-89; High Commissioner to Zimbabwe, 1989-92; High Commissioner to Kenya, 1992-95; Ambassador to Turkey, 1995-97; Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, United Nations, New York, 1997-2005.
Interviewed 2012.
DOHP 137 1 file

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RAMSBOTHAM, Hon Sir Peter, GCMG (1919-2010)
Diplomat. Entered Foreign Service, October 1948; Political Division of Allied Control Commission, Berlin, November 1948; transferred to Foreign Office, 1950; 1st Secretary, 1950; Head of Chancery, UK Delegation, New York, 1953; Foreign Office, 1957; Counsellor, 1961, Head of Western Organisations and Planning Dept; Head of Chancery, British Embassy, Paris, 1963-67; Foreign Office, 1967-69 (Sabbatical year, Institute of Strategic Studies, 1968); High Commissioner, Nicosia, 1969-71; Ambassador to Iran, 1971-74; Ambassador to the United States, 1974-77; Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Bermuda, 1977-80.
Interviewed 2001.
DOHP 44 1 file

RENWICK, Rt Hon Lord (Robin), KCMG (b. 1937)
Diplomat. Entered Foreign Service, 1963; Dakar, 1963-64; FO, 1964-66; New Delhi, 1966-69; Private Secretary to Minister of State, FCO, 1970-72; First Secretary, Paris, 1972-76; Counsellor, Cabinet Office, 1976-78; Rhodesia Department, FCO, 1978-80; Political Adviser to Governor of Rhodesia, 1980; Visiting Fellow, Center for International Affairs, Harvard, 1980-81; Head of Chancery, Washington, 1981-84; Assistant Under Secretary of State, FCO, 1984-87; Ambassador to South Africa, 1987-91; Ambassador to Washington, 1991-95.
Interviewed 1998.
DOHP 33 1 file

RHODES, Sir Peregrine Alexander, KCMG (1925-2005)
Diplomat. Served with Coldstream Guards, 1944-47. Joined Foreign Office, 1950; 2nd Secretary, Rangoon, 1953-56; Private Secretary to Minister of State, 1956-59; 1st Secretary, Vienna, 1959-62; 1st Secretary, Helsinki, 1962-65; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1965-68, Counsellor 1967; Institute for Study of International Organisation, Sussex University, 1968-69; Counsellor, Rome, 1970-73; Chargé d'Affaires, East Berlin, 1973-75; on secondment as Under Secretary, Cabinet Office (Chief of Assessments Staff), 1975-78; High Commissioner, Cyprus, 1979-82; Ambassador to Greece, 1982-85.
Interviewed 2003.
DOHP 79 1 file

ROBERTS, Sir Frank Kenyon, GCMG GCVO (1907-98)
Diplomat. British Minister, Moscow, 1945-7; Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1947-9; Ambassador to Yugoslavia, 1954-7, USSR, 1960-2 and Federal Republic of Germany, 1963-8.
Interviewed 1996
DOHP 14 1 file

ROBERTS, Sir Ivor, KCMG (b.1946)
Diplomat. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1968; Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, 1969; Third, later Second Secretary, Paris, 1970-73; Second, later First Secretary, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1973-78; First Secretary, Canberra, 1978-82; Deputy Head of News Department, FCO, 1982-86; Head, Security Co-ordination Department, FCO, 1986-88; Minister and Deputy Head of Mission, Madrid, 1989-93; Chargé d'Affaires, Belgrade, 1994-96; Ambassador to Yugoslavia, 1996-97; Senior Associate Member, St Antony's College, Oxford, 1997-98; Ambassador to Ireland, 1999-2003; Ambassador to Italy and San Marino, 2003-2006.
Interviewed 2007
DOHP 108 1 file

ROSE, Sir Clive Martin, GCMG (b.1921)
Diplomat. Rifle Brigade, 1941-46 (Major; despatches): served in Europe, 1944-45; India, 1945; Iraq, 1945-46. CRO, 1948; Office of Deputy High Commissioner, Madras, 1948-49; Foreign Office, 1950-53; UK High Commission, Germany, 1953-54; British Embassy, Bonn, 1955; FO, 1956-59; 1st Secretary and HM Consul, Montevideo, 1959-62; FO, 1962-65; Commercial Counsellor, Paris, 1965-67; Imperial Defence College, 1968; Counsellor, British Embassy, Washington, 1969-71; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1971-73; Head, British Delegation to Negotiations on Mutual Reduction of Forces and Armaments and Associated Measures in Central Europe, Vienna, 1973-76; Deputy Secretary, Cabinet Office, 1976-79; UK Permanent Representative on North Atlantic Council, 1979-82.
Interviewed 2003.
DOHP 74 1 file

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S

SANKEY, John Anthony, CMG (b 1930)
National Service in 1st (Singapore) Regiment, RA (2nd Lieutenant), 1952. Entered Colonial Office, 1953-61; UK Mission to United Nations, 1961-64; Foreign Office, 1964-68; Guyana, 1968-71; Singapore, 1971-73; NATO Defence College, Rome, 1973; Malta, 1973-75; The Hague, 1975-79 (Governor, British School in the Netherlands); Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Head of Central African Department, 1979-82; High Commissioner, Tanzania, 1982-85; UK Permanent Representative to UN Office, Geneva, 1985-90.
Interviewed 2010.
DOHP 134 1 file

SHIERS, Mr Leslie Gordon (c.1920-2007)
RNVR Surgeon Lieutenant in the light cruiser Dauntless at the invasion of Madagascar in the Spring of l942.
Interviewed 1997.
DOHP 21 1 file

SINDALL, Adrian John, CMG (b 1937)
Diplomat. Foreign Office 1956-58; Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, 1958-60; Third Secretary (Commercial), Baghdad, 1960-62; Second Secretary, British Embassy, Rabat, 1962-67; First Secretary: Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1967-70; Beirut, 1970-72; First Secretary and Head of Chancery, British Embassy, Lima, 1972-76; FCO, 1976-79; Counsellor, Head of Chancery and Consul-General, Amman, 1979-82; Head of S America Department, FCO, 1982-85; Consul-General, Sydney, 1985-88; Middle East Marketing Director, Defence Export Services Organisation, Ministry of Defence, on secondment, 1988-91; High Commissioner, Brunei, 1991-94; Ambassador to Syria, 1994-96.
Interviewed 2008.
DOHP 120 1 file

SMEDLEY, Sir Harold, KCMG MBE (1920-2004)
Diplomat. First Secretary, New Zealand, 1948-51, Rhodesia, 1951-4; Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, 1954-7; Counsellor, Calcutta, 1957, Delhi, 1958; High Commissioner, Ghana, 1964-5 and 1966-7; Ambassador to Laos, 1968-70; High Commissioner, Sri Lanka, 1973-6, New Zealand, 1976-80.
Interviewed 1997.
DOHP 23 1 file

SNOXELL, David Raymond (b 1944)
Diplomat. Entry to FCO (UN Department), 1969; FCO, Information Administration Department, 1971; Islamabad, 1973; UK Mission to Geneva, 1976; FCO, Republic of Ireland Department, 1981; FCO, Economic Relations Department, 1983; Director, British Information Services, New York, 1986; Deputy Head, Drugs and International Crime Department, 1991; Deputy Head of Southern Africa Department, FCO, 1994; Ambassador to Senegal (and concurrently to Mali, Guinea, Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde), 1997; High Commissioner, Mauritius, 2000; retired 2004.
Interviewed 2007.
DOHP 111 1 file

STUART, Andrew Christopher, CMG (b.1928)
Diplomat. Royal Navy, 1947-49. Colonial Administrative Service, Uganda, 1953; retired from HMOCS as Judicial Adviser, 1965. Called to Bar, Middle Temple, 1965. Entered HM Diplomatic Service, 1965; 1st Secretary and Head of Chancery, Helsinki, 1968; Assistant, South Asian Department, FCO, 1971; Head of Hong Kong and Indian Ocean Department, FCO, 1972-75; Counsellor, Jakarta, 1975-78; British Resident Commissioner, New Hebrides, 1978-80; Ambassador to Finland, 1980-83. Principal, United World College of the Atlantic, 1983-90; Consultant to Voluntary Service Overseas, 1990-96.
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 70 1 file

SUMMERHAYES, David Michael, CMG (b.1922)
Diplomat. Served War of 1939-45 in Royal Artillery (Captain), North Africa and Italy. 3rd Secretary, Foreign Office, 1948; Baghdad, 1949; Brussels, 1950-53; 2nd Secretary, FO, 1953-56; 1st Secretary (Commercial), The Hague, 1956-59; 1st Secretary and Consul, Reykjavik, 1959-61; FO, 1961-65; Consul-General and Counsellor, Buenos Aires, 1965-70; Head of Arms Control and Disarmament Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1970-74; Minister, Pretoria/Cape Town, 1974-78; Ambassador and Leader, UK Delegation to Committee on Disarmament, Geneva, 1979-82; Disarmament Adviser, FCO, 1983-92.
Interviewed 2003.
DOHP 78 1 file

SUTHERLAND, Dame Veronica Evelyn, DBE CMG (b.1939)
Diplomat. Joined Diplomatic Service, 1965; 2nd, later 1st Secretary, Copenhagen, 1967-70; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1970-5; 1st Secretary, New Delhi, 1975-8; FCO, 1978-80; Counsellor, 1981; Permanent UK Delegate to UNESCO, 1981-4; Counsellor, FCO, 1984-7; Ambassador to Cote d'Ivoire, 1987-90; Assistant Under-Secretary of State (Personnel), FCO, 1990-5; Ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, 1995-9.
Interviewed 2005.
DOHP 94 1 file

SYNNOTT, Sir Hilary, KCMG (1945-2011)
Diplomat. RN 1962-73 (HM Submarines, 1968-73). Joined Diplomatic Service, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1973; UK Delegation to OECD, Paris, 1975; Bonn, 1978; Southern European Department, FCO, 1981; Head of Chancery, Amman, 1985; Head of Western European Department, FCO, 1989; Head of Security Co-ordination Department, FCO, 1991; Minister and Deputy High Commissioner, New Delhi, 1993-96; Director (S and SE Asia), FCO, 1996-98; Visiting Fellow, Institute of Developing Studies, University of Sussex, and International Institute of Strategic Studies, 1999-2000; High Commissioner to Pakistan, 2000-03; Coalition Provisional Administrator, Southern Iraq, 2003-04; retired 2004.
Interviewed 2008.
DOHP 114 1 file

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T

TALLBOYS, Mr Richard Gilbert, CMG OBE (b.1931)
HM Diplomatic Service, 1968-88: First Secretary i/c Brasilia, 1969; Head of Chancery, Phnom Penh, 1972 (Chargé d'Affaires 1972, 1973); FO, 1973; Counsellor Commercial, Seoul, 1976-80 (Chargé d'Affaires 1977, 1978, 1979); Consul-General, Houston, 1980-85; Ambassador to Vietnam, 1985-87.
Memoir.
DOHP 39 1 file

THOMAS, Sir Derek Morison David, KCMG (b.1929)
Diplomat. Entered Foreign Service, 1953; Midshipman 1953, Sub-Lieutenant 1955, RNVR; FO, 1955; 3rd, later 2nd, Secretary, Moscow, 1956-59; 2nd Secretary, Manila, 1959-61; UK Delegation to Brussels Conference, 1961-62; 1st Secretary, FO, 1962; Sofia, 1964-67; Ottawa, 1967-69; seconded to Treasury, 1969-70; Financial Counsellor, Paris, 1971-75; Head of North American Department, FCO, 1975-76; Assistant Under Secretary of State, FCO, 1976-79; Minister Commercial and later Minister, Washington, 1979-84; Deputy Under Secretary of State for Europe and Political Director, FCO, 1984-87; Ambassador to Italy, 1987-89.
Interviewed 2002.
DOHP 71 1 file
Please note that the full version of this interview is closed, and will be reviewed by the FCO in 2014. An edited version is open to readers.

TICKELL, Sir Crispin, GCMG KCVO (b. 1930)
Diplomat. Entered HM Diplomatic Service, 1954. Served at: Foreign Office, 1954-55; The Hague, 1955-58; Mexico, 1958-61; FO (Planning Staff), 1961-64; Paris, 1964-70; Private Secretary to successive Ministers responsible for British entry into the European Community, 1970-72; FCO, 1972-75; Chef de Cabinet to President of European Community, 1977-81; Ambassador to Mexico, 1981-83; Deputy Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1983-84; Permanent Secretary, ODA, 1984-87; British Permanent Representative to UN, 1987-90.
Interviewed 1999.
DOHP 36 1 file

TONKIN, Derek, CMG (b.1929)
Diplomat. HM Forces, 1948-49; FO, 1952; Warsaw, 1955; Bangkok, 1957; Phnom Penh, 1961; FO, 1963; Warsaw, 1966; Wellington, 1968; FCO, 1972; East Berlin, 1976; Ambassador to Vietnam, 1980-82; Minister, Pretoria, 1983-86; Ambassador to Thailand, and concurrently to Laos, 1986-89.
Interviewed 2000.
DOHP 72 1 file

TUCKER, Herbert Harold, OBE (1925-1996)
Diplomat. Economic Information Unit, Treasury, 1948-49; Foreign Office, Information Research Department, 1951-74; Counsellor (Information), Australia, 1974-9; Consul-General, Vancouver, 1979-83; Disarmament and Arms Control Information Co-ordinator, 1983-4.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 11 1 file

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U-V

UNWIN, Peter William, CMG (b.1932)
Diplomat. Army, 1954-56; Foreign Office, 1956-58; British Legation, Budapest, 1958-61; British Embassy, Tokyo, 1961-63; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1963-67; British Information Services, New York, 1967-70; FCO, 1970-72; Bank of England, 1973; British Embassy, Bonn, 1973-76; Head of Personnel Policy Department, FCO, 1976-79; Fellow, Center for International Affairs, Harvard, 1979-80; Minister (Economic), Bonn, 1980-83; Ambassador to: Hungary, 1983-86; Denmark, 1986-88; a Deputy Secretary General of the Commonwealth, 1989-93.
Interviewed 2005.
DOHP 95 1 file

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W

WADE-GERY, Sir Robert Lucian, KCMG (b.1929)
Diplomat. Joined HM Foreign (now Diplomatic) Service, 1951; FO (Economic Relations Department), 1951-54; Bonn, 1954-57; FO (Private Secretary to Permanent Under-Secretary, later Southern Department), 1957-60; Tel Aviv, 1961-64; FO (Planning Staff), 1964-67; Saigon, 1967-68; Cabinet Office (Secretary to Duncan Committee), 1968-69; Counsellor 1969; on loan to Bank of England, 1969; Head of Financial Policy and Aid Department, FCO, 1969-70; Under-Secretary, Central Policy Review Staff, Cabinet Office, 1971-73; Minister, Madrid, 1973-77; Minister, Moscow, 1977-79; Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet, 1979-82; High Commissioner to India, 1982-87.
Interviewed 2000.
DOHP 47 1 file

WALKER, Sir Harold Berners, KCMG (b.1932)
Diplomat. Assistant Political Agent, Dubai, 1958-60; Principal Instructor, Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, 1963-4; First Secretary, Egypt, 1964-6; Head of Chancery and Consul, Damascus, Syria, 1966-7; First Secretary (Commercial), Washington, 1970-3; Counsellor, Jedda, 1973-5; Deputy Head, Personnel Operations Department, 1975; Head of Personnel Operations Department, 1976; Ambassador, Bahrain, 1979-81, Abu Dhabi, 1981-6, Ethiopia, 1986-90, Iraq, 1990-1.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 16 1 file

WALL, Sir (John) Stephen, GCMG, LVO (b 1947)
Foreign and Commonwealth Office 1968; Addis Ababa, 1969-72; Private Secretary to HM Ambassador, Paris, 1972-74; First Secretary, FCO, 1974-76; Press Officer, No 10 Downing Street, 1976-77; Assistant Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, 1977-79; First Secretary, Washington, 1979-83; Assistant Head, later Head, European Community Department, FCO, 1983-88; Private Secretary: to Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary, 1988-90; to the Prime Minister (John Major), 1991-93; Ambassador to Portugal, 1993-95; Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative to EU, Brussels, 1995-2000; Head of European Secretariat, Cabinet Office, and EU Adviser to the Prime Minister (Tony Blair), 2000-04.
Interviewed 2010 and 2012, by Thomas Raineau (Université de Paris-Sorbonne).
DOHP 136 1 file

WESTON, Sir Philip John, KCMG (b.1938)
Diplomat. Served with Royal Marines, 1956-58. Entered Diplomatic Service, 1962; FO, 1962-63; Treasury Centre for Administrative Studies, 1964; Chinese Language student, Hong Kong, 1964-66; Peking, 1967-68; Foreign Office, 1969-71; Office of UK Permanent Representative to EEC, 1972-74; Assistant Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary (James Callaghan, Anthony Crosland), 1974-76; Counsellor, Head of EEC Presidency Secretariat, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1976-77; Visiting Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford, 1977-78; Counsellor, Washington, 1978-81; Head Defence Department, FCO, 1981-84; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1984-85; Minister, Paris, 1985-88; Deputy Secretary to Cabinet, Cabinet Office, 1988-89 (on secondment); Deputy Under-Secretary of State (Defence), FCO, 1989-90; Political Director, FCO, 1990-91; Ambassador and UK Permanent Representative to North Atlantic Council (NATO), 1991-95, to Permanent Council of WEU, 1992-95; British Permanent Representative to the United Nations, (1995-98).
Interviewed 2001.
DOHP 82 1 file

WILLSON, John Michael, CMG (b.1931)
Diplomat. Colonial Service, Northern Rhodesia, 1955-64; Ministry of Overseas Development, 1965-70; seconded to British High Commission, Malta, as First Secretary (Economic), 1967-70; joined Diplomatic Service, 1970; British Consulate-General, Johannesburg, 1972-75; Foreign and Commonwealth Office (West Indian and North American Departments), 1975-8; Special Counsellor for African Affairs, 1978; Secretary-General, Rhodesian Independence Conference, 1979; on staff of Governor of Rhodesia, 1979-80; Counsellor, Bucharest, 1980-82; Ambassador to Ivory Coast, Burkina (formerly Upper Volta) and Niger, 1983-87; High Commissioner in Zambia, 1988-90.
Interviewed 2005.
DOHP 128 1 file

WILSON, Lord Wilson of Tillyorn, GCMG (b.1935)
Diplomat. National Service, The Black Watch, 1953-55; entered Foreign Service, 1958; Third Secretary, Vientiane, 1959-60; Language Student, Hong Kong, 1960-62; Second, later First Secretary, Peking, 1963-65; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1965-68; resigned, 1968; Editor, China Quarterly, 1968-74; Visiting Scholar, Columbia University, New York, 1972; rejoined Diplomatic Service, 1974; Cabinet Office, 1974-77; Political Adviser, Hong Kong, 1977-81; Head, South European Department, FCO, 1981-84; Assistant Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1984-87; Governor and Commander-in-Chief, Hong Kong, 1987-92.
Interviewed 2003.
DOHP 83 1 file

WOOD, Sir Andrew Marley, GCMG (b.1940)
Diplomat. Foreign Office, 1961; Moscow, 1964; Washington, 1967; Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1970; seconded to Cabinet Office, 1971; First Secretary, FCO, 1973; First Secretary and Head of Chancery, Belgrade, 1976; Counsellor, 1978; Head of Chancery, Moscow, 1979; Head of West European Department, 1982, Head of Personnel Operations Department, 1983, FCO; Ambassador to Yugoslavia, 1985-89; Minister, Washington, 1989-92; Chief Clerk, FCO, 1992-95; Ambassador to the Russian Federation and to Moldova, 1995-2000.
Interviewed 2003.
DOHP 77 1 file

WRIGHT, Sir Denis, GCMG (1911-2005)
Diplomat. Employed from outbreak of war as Vice-Consul on economic warfare work at HM Consulate at Constantza (Romania), 1939-41. Vice-Consul-in-charge of HM Consulate at Trebizond (Turkey), 1941-43; Acting-Consul-in-charge of HM Consulate, Mersin (Turkey), 1943-45; First Secretary (Commercial) to HM Embassy, Belgrade, 1946-48; Superintending Trade Consul at Chicago for Middle-Western Region of USA, 1949-51; Head of Economic Relations Department in the Foreign Office, 1951-53; appointed Chargé d'Affaires, Tehran, on resumption of diplomatic relations with Persia, December 1953; Counsellor, HM Embassy, Tehran, 1954-55; Assistant Under-Secretary, FO, 1955-59; Ambassador to Ethiopia, 1959-62; Assistant Under-Secretary, FO, 1962; Ambassador to Iran, 1963-71.
Interviewed 2000.
DOHP 67 1 file

WRIGHT, Sir (John) Oliver, GCMG GCVO DSC (b.1921)
Diplomat. Royal Navy 1941-5; Entered FO 1945; Vice-Consul, New York, 1946; 3rd Secretary, Bucharest, 1948; 2nd Secretary, Singapore, 1950; FO 1952 (Western and Southern Departments); First Secretary, Berlin, 1954-7, South Africa, 1957-9; Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, 1964-6; Ambassador to Denmark, 1966-9; Seconded to Government of Northern Ireland, 1969-70; Chief Clerk, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1970-2; Ambassador to West Germany, 1975-81, to United States, 1982-6.
Interviewed 1996.
DOHP 17 1 file

WRIGHT, Patrick Richard Henry, Lord Wright of Richmond, GCMG (b.1931)
Diplomat. Served Royal Artillery, 1950-51; joined Diplomatic Service, 1955; Middle East Centre for Arabic Studies, 1956-57; Third Secretary, British Embassy, Beirut, 1958-60; Private Secretary to Ambassador and later First Secretary, British Embassy, Washington, 1960-65; Private Secretary to Permanent Under-Secretary, FO, 1965-67; First Secretary and Head of Chancery, Cairo, 1967-70; Deputy Political Resident, Bahrain, 1971-72; Head of Middle East Dept, FCO, 1972-74; Private Secretary (Overseas Affairs) to Prime Minister, 1974-77; Ambassador to: Luxembourg, 1977-79; Syria, 1979-81; Deputy Under-Secretary of State, FCO, 1982-84; Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, 1984-86; Permanent Under-Secretary of State and Head of Diplomatic Service, 1986-91. Member, Security Commission, 1993-2002.
Interviewed 2000.
DOHP 48 1 file

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Y-Z

YOUNG, Elisabeth Ann (Mrs Thomas Nesbitt Young), MBE (b.c. 1945)
Married Thomas Young in 1971, and accompanied him to the following postings: Ankara, 1969-71; Madrid, 1972-76; Head of Chancery, Ankara, 1979-80; Deputy Director of Trade Development, New York, 1981; First Secretary, Washington, 1981-84; Assistant Head, Nuclear Energy Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 1984-86; Deputy High Commissioner, Accra, 1987-90; Director of Trade Promotion, British High Commission, Canberra, 1990-93; Ambassador to Azerbaijan, 1993-97; High Commissioner to Zambia, 1998-2002.
Interviewed 2011.
DOHP 130 1 file